Beyond Gender and Status: Rethinking the Burial Record of Bronze Age Cyprus (2024)

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Overcoming Issues of Past Preservation: Recent Research in Bioarchaeology in Cyprus

The Osteological Dataset for Bronze Age Cyprus (Philia–LCIA)

2021 •

Sarah Douglas

Until recent years, the limitations to osteological data obtained from the Bronze Age mortuary arena in Cyprus, have prevented any large-scale interpretations of the funerary population. Mortuary analyses of the period have predominantly focused on the rich grave good assemblages of copper-based tools and weapons, and ceramic vessels that begin to feature in large quantities in graves from the transitional Philia facies. This paper considers skeletal material from 17 large-scale cemeteries/burial locales and a further six rescue/smaller burial excavations in order to offer a broad overview of the osteological dataset that exists at present for the Philia–LCIA period (ca. 2500–1550 B.C.). Emerging patterns in minimum numbers of individuals (MNI), burial demography in relation to age and sex, evidence for activity markers or degenerative joint disease and violent trauma will be highlighted. Whilst more abundant than ever before, this paper underlines the need for continued osteological analyses for this time period, alongside meticulous scientific excavation of human skeletal material

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L. Hulin, L. Crewe & J.M. Webb (eds), Structures of Inequality on Bronze Age Cyprus. Studies in Honour of Alison K. South (Studies in Mediterranean Archaeology PB 187), 35–52

Lapithos Tomb 201. A singular Middle Bronze Age burial assemblage

2018 •

Jennifer Webb

Tomb 201, a Middle Bronze Age (MBA) tomb excavated at Lapithos in 1913, is published here for the first time. Chamber A contained three or four burials, one very probably that of a woman wearing a necklace of over 400 faience beads. Other finds include fine decorated vessels, three freestanding plank figures, a jug with an attached plank figure, bird askoi, a necklace of stone beads with a picrolite comb pendant, a silver vessel and what may be a unique metal spinning set, including a copper spindle. These comprise a singular set of valuables which indicate access to highly-crafted goods and distant object networks and suggest that socially displayed inequality was afforded some women in the mortuary domain at Lapithos in Middle Cypriot (MC) I.

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Mortuary practices and ideology in Bronze Age-Early Iron Age Crete and Cyprus: comparative perspectives

Eleni Hatzaki

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KASSIANIDOU, V. 2013 Chapter 6 - Metals. In E. Peltenburg (ed.), ARCANE II. Cyprus. Turnhout: Brepols Publishers. 231-249.

2013 Chapter 6 - Metals

2013 •

VASILIKI KASSIANIDOU

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Lapithos revisited: a fresh look at a key Middle Bronze Age site in Cyprus, in G. Bourogiannis and C. Mühlenbock (eds), Ancient Cyprus Today: Museum Collections and New Research (Studies in Mediterranean Archaeology PB 184), 57–67, Uppsala

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Dressed to Impress: Metal Objects, Anthropomorphic Representations and the Construction of Embodied Identities in Early and Middle Bronze Age Cyprus

Maria Mina

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Bioarchaeology of the Near East, 2:1–38 (2008) Recent research in Cypriot bioarchaeology

2009 •

Nathan Harper

Abstract: Cyprus has a rich archaeological history that is not always refl ected in bioarchaeological research. Complicating factors of fragmentary, commingled, and poorly preserved remains and an historical bias to-wards art historical and architectural approaches have led to delayed development of modern Cypriot bioar-chaeology. Th is article highlights important research into ancient and recent Cypriot populations and suggests future approaches that might lead to more interdisciplinary work. Included here is a comprehensive bibliogra-phy of Cypriot bioarchaeological research. Key words: Cyprus: archaeology; bioarchaeology; paleopathology; biodistance; osteology; thalassemia

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Oxford Journal of Archaeology

Beyond Copper: Commodities and values in Middle Bronze Cypro‐Levantine Exchanges.

2012 •

Lindy Crewe

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SYMPOZJUM EGEJSKIE II. Papers in Aegean Archaeology (2019). Eds. K. Żebrowska, A. Ulanowska, and K. Lewartowski

A case of identity. Investigating the symbolism of spindle whorls in Early and Middle Cypriot tombs

2019 •

Sarah Douglas, Giulia Muti

Spindle whorls are amongst the small objects most frequently recovered from Early and Middle Bronze Age cemeteries in Cyprus ( c. 2400–1650 BC ). Nonetheless, little has been done to investigate their meaning. This paper will explore the symbolism of spindle whorls and its possible implications for the construction of the deceased’ s identity. In particular, we will discuss the concept of whorls as sex /gender markers, and how and to what extent these artefacts may have played a role in the ideological system of Early /Middle Cypriot society alluding to aspects of the personal, social, and group identities of the deceased. To do this, the investigation will follow a case-study design in which select burial contexts from the Early and Middle Cypriot sites of Erimi Laonin tou Porakou, Lapithos Vrysi tou Barba, and Galinop*rni will be included. The analysis of different key elements related to the whorls’ deposition within the tombs examined ( e.g. formal characteristics, evidence for use-wear, location, relationship with bodies, and association occurrences ) and the identification of recurring patterns will facilitate a discussion on the reasons behind the transformation of these tools into grave goods.

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Jennifer Webb

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Beyond Gender and Status: Rethinking the Burial Record of Bronze Age Cyprus (2024)
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